Coding languages now play a crucial role as the internet spreads to every corner of the world and the Information Technology (IT) sector grows. The foundation of this industry is programming languages, with IT professionals learning a variety of coding languages to work with the quickly developing software fields. The languages you are proficient in will determine the types of roles that are available to you if you’re interested in pursuing a career in programming or the IT sector.
The more opportunities there are, the more popular the language becomes. Companies outside of IT are also looking for talented coders for exciting positions! We’ve created a list of popular programming languages using the PYPL Popularity Index and TIOBE Index to assist you in getting started.
According to how simple they are:
Purpose: Created in 1991, Python is a general-purpose dynamic programming language. Popularity: Used for server-side web and system development, it is one of the most widely used coding languages in use today.
The language’s straightforward syntax and compatibility with a variety of platforms make it much simpler to learn and use. Most programmers learn it as one of their first programming languages. However, compared to other languages, it executes more slowly.
This general-purpose, object-oriented language was developed in 1995 and enables programmers to create anything from web and mobile applications to embedded servers. As it doesn’t use features like operator overloading and multiple inheritances, the language can be used on any platform and is among the easiest to learn. Java is a much more user-friendly programming language as a result of these factors.
Java is one of the most widely used programming languages in the world. Cons and Benefits: Java is portable because it can be written on one device and executed on a variety of devices, unlike the majority of other languages. Unfortunately, there is no backup facility for the language, so it must be kept on the device’s storage.
3. C and C++ The two programming languages—C, which was created in 1972, and C++, which was created in 1985—are interchangeable in everyday speech. Both are general-purpose programming languages, and operating systems like Oracle and Intel are implemented using their code.
Popularity: The’superset’ of C, with a slightly more extensive grammar, is C++. The languages are straightforward, compiled, and have extensive library support. However, in terms of excessive memory usage, both languages share a number of the same problems.
C# is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language, much like C++. The language, created by Microsoft in 2000, is well-liked by programmers who make dynamic websites and video games. Pros and cons: C# is extremely versatile and is simple to understand for people who have prior experience with C and C++, as it was initially developed to compete with Java. However, as a result of its slower runtime, Cperformance #’s has been characterized as subpar.
6. Purpose: Developed in 1974 by IBM, SQL (short for Structured Query Language) is a domain-specific programming language to access and manipulate databases to handle structured data. Popularity: In 1987, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) designated SQL as the standard coding language.
Pros and Cons: SQL is quick and effective, able to retrieve and process large amounts of data in brief periods. Additionally, learning it is simple. However, navigating the interface can be difficult.
Purpose: The Hypertext Preprocessor language, more commonly referred to as PHP, was created in 1994 and is said to be particularly well suited for web development on their official website. It is a free open-source language that can be downloaded and used on any operating system, including Linux and Windows.
Popularity: According to a W3Techs survey, 77.3 percent of all websites that use a server-side programming language also use PHP. The open-source nature of the language makes it less secure than other programming languages and makes it unsuitable for creating more complex content-based applications.
Purpose: Go was created in 2009 and is an open-source programming language supported by Google. It is a procedural language for everything from cloud and network services to web development.
Popularity: It is much easier to learn because it is clear and simple to read. Popular websites like Uber, Netflix, Dropbox, and of course its parent company, Google, use the language because it allows for the simultaneous operation of multiple processes. Both advantages and disadvantages: It has a sizable standard library that enables the creation of packages. The language does not have a User Interface (UI) toolkit, it should be noted.
Kotlin was created by JetBrains as a statically typed, all-purpose programming language. It has a clear syntax and is compatible with Java code. Popularity: Kotlin is the “Preferred Language for Android App Developers” as of 2019.
Pros and cons: Because Kotlin is similar to Java, it is easier to learn than other languages and has less bugs in its code. The absence of a sizable user database, however, also results in a dearth of resources and subject-matter experts, as is the case with other more recent programming languages.
With the aim of creating a computing environment for numbers, MathWorks created this programming language in the late 1970s for engineers and scientists. Data analysis, algorithm modeling, and scientific computations are all common language usages.
Popularity: The language is platform-neutral and compatible with a variety of operating systems, which increases its appeal. The software is less expensive than other coding languages, making it more accessible. In contrast to compiled languages like C and C++, MATLAB executes more slowly because it is an interpreted language.
Purpose: R fulfills the needs for statistical computing and graphics. It was constructed in 1993 and is frequently used by business analysts. R is open source and cross-platform. It enables the language’s integration with other languages, like C++.
According to the TIOBE Programming Community index, it was the eighth-most popular programming language in the world as of August 2020. Both advantages and disadvantages include its platform independence and importance for machine learning operations. However, since objects are kept in the physical memory, using R necessitates a lot of storage. As a result, coding with important data points would be harder.
Purpose: Apple Inc. developed the 2014-released Swift programming language for building iOS and macOS applications. Popularity: Swift’s popularity has increased, and so has the creation of iOS applications. The open-source nature of Swift and its capacity to incorporate C and C++ codes into the Swift application make it a simple language to learn. The language’s user base is however still small due to its youth.
Purpose: Rust is a general-purpose, compiled programming language that was created in 2010 and places a strong emphasis on memory safety and reliability. Popularity: Major corporations like Amazon, Facebook, and Microsoft all use it.
Be a programmer today and start building wonderful apps that performs different tasks which solves human problems.
Learn any one of the listed programming languages today.